Threat Signal Report

New Ransomware "Black Basta" in the Wild

description-logo Description

FortiGuard Labs is aware of a new ransomware variant called "Black Basta" discovered in the wild. The ransomware employs a double-extortion tactic in which it encrypts files and exfiltrates confidential information from the victim, then demands a ransom for decrypting the affected files and threatens to publicize the exfiltrated data if a ransom is not paid.

Black Basta ransomware is reported to have victimized several organizations in multiple countries.

Why is this Significant?

This is significant because Black Basta is a new ransomware that is reported to have victimized several organizations in multiple countries.

What is Black Basta ransomware?

Black Basta is a new ransomware that demands ransom from the victim for decrypting victim's files it encrypted and not to release the stolen data to the public.

Black Basta ransomware deletes shadow copies from the compromised machine, which prevents the victim from being able to recover any files that have been encrypted. The ransomware also replaces the desktop wallpaper with an image with a black background that has the following ransom message:

Your network is encrypted by

the Black Basta group.

Instructions in the file


The ransomware then will then restart the compromised machine in safe mode with the Windows Fax service running. After the reboot, the service launches the ransomware in order to start encrypting files. Files that are encrypted by Black Basta ransomware have ".basta" file extension and also have the ransomware's own file icon. Readme.txt, also dropped by the ransomware, contains a ransom note to instruct the victim to use a specific TOR address to contact the attacker.

What does the Windows Fax service have to do with this? Is it Vulnerable?

The Windows Fax Service is not vulnerable. The Windows Fax service is attacked to maintain persistence and in this variant of Black Basta, it is hijacking an existing service name (in this case Windows Fax), deleting it, and spawning a new service with the same name.

What is the Status of Coverage?

FortiGuard Labs provides the following AV coverage against known samples of Black Basta ransomware:








Traffic Light Protocol

Color When Should it Be used? How may it be shared?


Not for disclosure, restricted to participants only.
Sources may use TLP:RED when information cannot be effectively acted upon by additional parties, and could lead to impacts on a party's privacy, reputation, or operations if misused. Recipients may not share TLP:RED information with any parties outside of the specific exchange, meeting, or conversation in which it was originally disclosed. In the context of a meeting, for example, TLP:RED information is limited to those present at the meeting. In most circumstances, TLP:RED should be exchanged verbally or in person.


Limited disclosure, restricted to participants’ organizations.
Sources may use TLP:AMBER when information requires support to be effectively acted upon, yet carries risks to privacy, reputation, or operations if shared outside of the organizations involved. Recipients may only share TLP:AMBER information with members of their own organization, and with clients or customers who need to know the information to protect themselves or prevent further harm. Sources are at liberty to specify additional intended limits of the sharing: these must be adhered to.


Limited disclosure, restricted to the community.
Sources may use TLP:GREEN when information is useful for the awareness of all participating organizations as well as with peers within the broader community or sector. Recipients may share TLP:GREEN information with peers and partner organizations within their sector or community, but not via publicly accessible channels. Information in this category can be circulated widely within a particular community. TLP:GREEN information may not be released outside of the community.


Disclosure is not limited.
Sources may use TLP:WHITE when information carries minimal or no foreseeable risk of misuse, in accordance with applicable rules and procedures for public release. Subject to standard copyright rules, TLP:WHITE information may be distributed without restriction.