Threat Signal Report
Conti Ransomware Operational Procedures and Associated Files Leaked to Web
FortiGuard Labs is aware of reports of the disclosure of operational documents and procedures relating to the Conti ransomware group. Apparently, a disgruntled self-proclaimed pentester of the Conti group has leaked this information to the public for reasons unknown at this time. Contained within this leak are zipped password protected files, operational "how to" documents, and other information created by the group for its affiliates.
Conti, in operation for over a year, is Ransomware as a Service (RaaS) and has been connected to multiple attacks in the past, with the most recent high profile attack on the Irish Health Service that caused a massive disruption to their services. In this attack, not only were services disrupted and brought to a halt, but database servers (SQL) and over 700GB of personally identifiable information (PII) was downloaded and exfiltrated by the threat actors.
What is Contained in this Leak?
Cursory analysis of the manual (machine translated from Russian) by FortiGuard Labs highlights the documented operational procedures of the Conti ransomware group written for affiliate use using the legitimate Cobalt Strike tool. In the introduction, it highlights that the threat actor or affiliates seek out targets/companies with verifiable income, by using publicly available data, such as Owler, Manta, Zoominfo, DNB, RocketReach, etc. It also provides working search engine queries to figure out company revenue, e.g. "site:xyz.com revenue" for further specifics. This is perhaps to gauge financial information for lesser well known entities and to most likely to see how much an organization is likely to pay.
Also provided is operational data for the affiliate once they have established a reverse shell or persistence with the victim's Windows Domain Controller. Instructions are included on how to list domain controllers, local and domain administrators, enterprise administrators, known domain computers, and ping all hosts on a known network. Once this traversal information has been established, instructions on how to deploy the payload is provided via PowerShell.
The document states that once the various containers are accessed, what should be looked for is:
- Financial documents
What is the Status of Coverage?
FortiGuard Labs provides the following AV coverage against known Conti ransomware samples campaign:
FortiEDR detects and blocks Conti ransomware attacks out of the box without any prior knowledge or special configuration beforehand. This can be seen in the images below where the TTPs of the attackers are detected pre execution.
For more information on how FortiEDR blocks Conti, please refer to the following KB article for more details:
Any Other Suggested Mitigation?
As it has been observed that Conti affiliates have used AnyDesk, Atera, Splashtop, Remote Utilities and Screen Connect to initialize and maintain persistent network access, it is recommended to block all remote access connections from these programs by initializing application controls.
Due to the ease of disruption and damage to daily operations, reputation, and unwanted release of personally identifiable information (PII), etc. it is important to keep all AV and IPS signatures up to date.
It is also important to ensure that all known vendor vulnerabilities are addressed, and updated to protect from attackers having a foothold within a network. Attackers are well aware of the difficulty of patching and if it is determined that patching is not feasible at this time, an assessment should be conducted to determine risk.
Also - organizations are encouraged to conduct ongoing training sessions to educate and inform personnel about the latest phishing/spear phishing attacks. They also need to encourage employees to never open attachments from someone they don't know, and to always treat emails from unrecognized/untrusted senders with caution. Since it has been reported that various phishing and spear phishing attacks have been delivered via social engineering distribution mechanisms, it is crucial that end users within an organization be made aware of the various types of attacks being delivered. This can be accomplished through regular training sessions and impromptu tests using predetermined templates by an organizations' internal security department. Simple user awareness training on how to spot emails with malicious attachments or links could also help prevent initial access into the network.
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Traffic Light Protocol
|Color||When Should it Be used?||How may it be shared?|
TLP: REDNot for disclosure, restricted to participants only.
|Sources may use TLP:RED when information cannot be effectively acted upon by additional parties, and could lead to impacts on a party's privacy, reputation, or operations if misused.||Recipients may not share TLP:RED information with any parties outside of the specific exchange, meeting, or conversation in which it was originally disclosed. In the context of a meeting, for example, TLP:RED information is limited to those present at the meeting. In most circumstances, TLP:RED should be exchanged verbally or in person.|
TLP: AMBERLimited disclosure, restricted to participants’ organizations.
|Sources may use TLP:AMBER when information requires support to be effectively acted upon, yet carries risks to privacy, reputation, or operations if shared outside of the organizations involved.||Recipients may only share TLP:AMBER information with members of their own organization, and with clients or customers who need to know the information to protect themselves or prevent further harm. Sources are at liberty to specify additional intended limits of the sharing: these must be adhered to.|
TLP: GREENLimited disclosure, restricted to the community.
|Sources may use TLP:GREEN when information is useful for the awareness of all participating organizations as well as with peers within the broader community or sector.||Recipients may share TLP:GREEN information with peers and partner organizations within their sector or community, but not via publicly accessible channels. Information in this category can be circulated widely within a particular community. TLP:GREEN information may not be released outside of the community.|
TLP: WHITEDisclosure is not limited.
|Sources may use TLP:WHITE when information carries minimal or no foreseeable risk of misuse, in accordance with applicable rules and procedures for public release.||Subject to standard copyright rules, TLP:WHITE information may be distributed without restriction.|