Threat Signal Report

Multiple Agency Malware Analysis Reports on Hidden Cobra

Description

Today, the United States Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) in conjunction with the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Department of Defense (DOD) released multiple malware analysis reports (also known as MAR reports) that have attributed malicious cyber activity to the North Korean government also known as HIDDEN COBRA/LAZARUS.


Why is Hidden Cobra Significant?

HIDDEN COBRA has been linked to multiple high profile attacks which have caused massive infrastructure disruptions, as well as financially motivated attacks in various parts of the world. Notable attacks were the 2014 Sony Pictures attack and the 2016 Bangladeshi heist that almost netted 1 Billion (USD) for the attackers. Had it not been for a misspelling in an instruction that caused The Federal Reserve Bank of New York to flag and to block thirty transactions; HIDDEN COBRA would have pulled off a heist unseen like any other. Although HIDDEN COBRA failed at their attempt, they were still able to net around 81 million dollars. The most recent and most notable attack attributed to HIDDEN COBRA was the Wannacry Ransomware attack, which resulted in massive disruption and damage worldwide to numerous organizations especially manufacturers. Various estimates of the impact were estimated in the hundreds of millions of dollars to even some estimates claiming billions. Other verticals targeted are critical infrastructures, entertainment, finance, healthcare and telecommunication sectors, across multiple countries in the past.

Contained within these sample sets are (39) unique samples. The names associated with these reports by CISA are: HOPLIGHT, BISTROMATH, SLICKSHOES, CROWDEDFLOUNDER, HOTCROISSANT, ARTFULPIE, AND BUFFETLINE.


What is the Severity of Impact?

The severity should be regarded as low, due to the fact that these campaigns have been observed limited to targeted attacks.


It Appears that Some Malware Variants (such as HOPLIGHT) have Been Reported Before. Is this Incorrect?

No. These are primarily updates to previous reports; associated to a specific malware family.


What is the status of AV/IPS and Web Filtering coverage?

FortiGuard Labs has deployed coverage to ensure protections were in place immediately after the announcement by the United States Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). CISA in coordination with the Cyber Threat Alliance (CTA), shared the samples ahead of the announcement with CTA partners to ensure that customers of CTA members were immediately protected in real time.


Customers running the latest definition sets are protected by the following (AV) signatures):

W32/NukeSped.AU!tr

W32/HidCobra.9CFB!tr

Data/HOPLIGHT.C289!tr

Data/HOPLIGHT.FB39!tr

W32/Generic.AI!tr

Generik.MYWMFCM!tr

W32/Androm.DQTY!tr.bdr

W32/Agent.PUH!tr.spy

W32/Generic!tr

W32/Agent.SSC!tr

W32/BlueNoroff.CL!tr

W32/Agent.32DA!tr

W32/NukeSped.794B!tr

W32/NukeSped.0792!tr

W32/Agent.D9DD!tr

W32/NukeSped.9E16!tr

W32/Banker.E945!tr


All network IOC's are blocked by the Web Filtering client.


Definitions

Traffic Light Protocol

Color When Should it Be used? How may it be shared?

TLP: RED

Not for disclosure, restricted to participants only.
Sources may use TLP:RED when information cannot be effectively acted upon by additional parties, and could lead to impacts on a party's privacy, reputation, or operations if misused. Recipients may not share TLP:RED information with any parties outside of the specific exchange, meeting, or conversation in which it was originally disclosed. In the context of a meeting, for example, TLP:RED information is limited to those present at the meeting. In most circumstances, TLP:RED should be exchanged verbally or in person.

TLP: AMBER

Limited disclosure, restricted to participants’ organizations.
Sources may use TLP:AMBER when information requires support to be effectively acted upon, yet carries risks to privacy, reputation, or operations if shared outside of the organizations involved. Recipients may only share TLP:AMBER information with members of their own organization, and with clients or customers who need to know the information to protect themselves or prevent further harm. Sources are at liberty to specify additional intended limits of the sharing: these must be adhered to.

TLP: GREEN

Limited disclosure, restricted to the community.
Sources may use TLP:GREEN when information is useful for the awareness of all participating organizations as well as with peers within the broader community or sector. Recipients may share TLP:GREEN information with peers and partner organizations within their sector or community, but not via publicly accessible channels. Information in this category can be circulated widely within a particular community. TLP:GREEN information may not be released outside of the community.

TLP: WHITE

Disclosure is not limited.
Sources may use TLP:WHITE when information carries minimal or no foreseeable risk of misuse, in accordance with applicable rules and procedures for public release. Subject to standard copyright rules, TLP:WHITE information may be distributed without restriction.