NSIS/Injector.AOW!tr is a generic detection for a trojan.
Since this is a generic detection, malware that are detected as NSIS/Injector.AOW!tr may have varying behaviour.
Below are some of its observed characteristics/behaviours:

  • This malware is spread to unsuspecting victims via a NSIS file.

  • This malware has been observed to harbor suspicious codes through which it creates a .dat file and allocates memory by calling VirtualAlloc. After which, it will read the .dat file into the buffer of the allocated memory. It then performs operations to find the decryption key needed to decrypt the payload before finally executing the decrypted code.

  • After execution, the malware will inject itself into an executable and attempt to create an autorun registry for persistence. It will call Caspol.exe from the .net framework 4.0 to possibly try to modify security policies. Both the injected process and caspol.exe will continue to run in the background of the user's system for a period of time before finally exiting.

  • Though in some cases where the NSIS package/installer itself carries within a none malicious application/contents, the suspicious behaviour mentioned earlier is considered a none common behaviour or none normal behaviour among enterprise/commercially available packers/installers, and thus would be open to being exploited by malicious attackers who intend to distribute their malicious binaries/payload thru this NSIS packaging bundle along with clean/normal apps. Users are always advised to obtain their apps via the official publishers/websites/sources of the app itself.

  • Below are images of the malware:

    • Figure 1: Creating .dat file.

    • Figure 2: Allocating Memory.

    • Figure 3: File read into buffer.

    • Figure 4: Before and after decryption.

    • Figure 5: Executing decrypted code.

    • Figure 6: Path of injected process.

  • Following are some of the near/exact IOCs/file hash associated with this detection:
    • Md5:0a169c6fa4c4af9f6d158e6d13b7573b
    • Md5:72c7be61cfcf2c3be9d749bcbc35d761
    • Md5:82cc5dd67d9725f2c7fe6cd2a69c0219
    • Md5:f735c92a5ed855d900216dc9f1710cab

recommended-action-logoRecommended Action

  • Make sure that your FortiGate/FortiClient system is using the latest AV database.
  • Quarantine/delete files that are detected and replace infected files with clean backup copies.

Telemetry logoTelemetry

Detection Availability

Web Application Firewall

Version Updates

Date Version Detail
2023-11-01 91.08413
2023-06-19 91.04347
2023-06-06 91.03953
2023-06-01 91.03806
2023-05-31 91.03786
2023-05-31 91.03775
2023-02-27 91.00982
2023-02-27 91.00980
2023-02-22 91.00824
2023-02-16 91.00651